Inform and advance the Cooperative Extension Service 4-H Program strategy to engage and sustain more Latinos in the 4-H Youth Development Program.
- Latino youth are very diverse and may identify with racial, ethnic or cultural groups from Central, South and North America and the Caribbean.
- Hispanics constituted 18.3 percent of the nation’s total population making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority.1
- Latino culture places family at the center creating strong bonds to support all members.
- High school and college attendance rates have increased for Latino youth over the past decade.2
- The growth in the Hispanic population has been accompanied by a growth in the Hispanic student population. From 1996 to 2016, the number of Hispanic students enrolled in schools, colleges and universities in the United States doubled from 8.8 million to 17.9 million. Hispanic students now make up 22.7 percent of all people enrolled in school.3
Some challenges that the Latino Youth population are facing are poverty, low levels of education and access to health care. Some examples of these challenges are, 1) by 2015, 62% of the Latino youth lived in low-income families. 2) Thirty Five percent of the Latino youth live in single-parent families (2014), 3) Sixty four percent of Latino youth lived with mothers who graduate from high school (compare with 90 white youth), 4) Only 21% of Latino eight graders were proficient or advance in reading, 5) Youth Latinos with no health insurance is around 10% https://www.prb.org/trends-and-challenges-facing-americas-latino-children/
Data and Information obtained from:
1) United States Census Bureau Newsroom, Facts for Features. (2019). Hispanic Heritage Month 2019. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/newsroom/facts-for-features/2019/hispanic-heritage-month.html
2) Krogstad, Jens Manuel. (2016). Pew Research Center, Fact Tank. 5 Facts about Latinos and Education. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/07/28/5-facts-about-latinos-and-education/
3) Bauman, K. (2017). United States Census Bureau, Census Blog. School Enrollment of the Hispanic Population: Two Decades of Growth. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/newsroom/blogs/random-samplings/2017/08/school_enrollmentof.html